How to Ace Your Operating Systems Course with Schaum's Outline PDF
Operating System Schaum Series Free Download Pdf
If you are a student or a professional who wants to learn more about operating systems, you might be interested in downloading Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems for free. This book is a comprehensive guide that covers all the essential topics and concepts of operating systems in an easy-to-follow format. In this article, we'll tell you what an operating system is, what Schaum's Outline series is, why you should read Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems, how to download it for free, and how to use it effectively.
Operating System Schaum Series Free Download Pdf
What is an operating system?
An operating system (OS) is a software program that manages the hardware and software resources of a computer system. It provides a user interface, handles input and output devices, executes applications, manages files and directories, controls memory allocation, coordinates interprocess communication and synchronization, implements security measures, and performs other tasks that make the computer system functional and efficient.
What is Schaum's Outline series?
Schaum's Outline series is a collection of books that provide concise summaries and explanations of various subjects and disciplines. Each book contains hundreds of examples, solved problems, and practice exercises that help students and professionals master the material and prepare for exams. Schaum's Outline series covers topics such as mathematics, physics, chemistry, engineering, computer science, economics, accounting, biology, and more.
Why should you read Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems?
Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems is a book written by J. Archer Harris that covers all the major aspects of operating systems in a clear and comprehensive manner. It is suitable for students who are taking introductory or advanced courses on operating systems, as well as professionals who want to refresh their knowledge or learn new skills. Here are some reasons why you should read Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems:
It provides a thorough overview of operating systems, including their history, functions, components, types, structures, models, and design principles.
It explains the core concepts and techniques of operating systems, such as processes, threads, scheduling, synchronization, deadlock prevention and avoidance, memory management, virtual memory, paging, segmentation, file systems, disk management, device management, security policies and mechanisms, encryption, authentication, access control, auditing, and more.
It offers hundreds of examples and solved problems that illustrate how operating systems work in practice and how to apply them to real-world scenarios.
It includes practice exercises and review questions that test your understanding and reinforce your learning.
It follows the latest developments and trends in operating systems, such as distributed systems, multiprocessor systems, parallel systems, real-time systems, embedded systems, cloud computing, mobile computing, and more.
Overview of Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems
Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems is divided into eight chapters that cover the following topics:
Chapter 1: Introduction
This chapter introduces the basic concepts and terminology of operating systems, such as system software, kernel, shell, user mode, kernel mode, system call, supervisor call, trap, interrupt, exception, bootstrap program, BIOS, firmware, boot sector, boot loader, and more. It also discusses the evolution and classification of operating systems, such as batch processing systems, multiprogramming systems, time-sharing systems, personal computer systems, workstation systems, server systems, cluster systems, grid systems, and more.
Chapter 2: Process Management
This chapter explains the concept of a process, which is a program in execution. It describes the attributes and states of a process, such as process identifier (PID), program counter (PC), stack pointer (SP), registers, code segment, data segment, stack segment, heap segment, ready state, running state, blocked state, new state, terminated state, and more. It also covers the topics of process creation and termination, process switching and context switching, process control block (PCB), process table, process hierarchy and tree structure, parent process and child process, fork() and exec() system calls, wait() and exit() system calls, zombie process and orphan process, and more. It also introduces the concept of a thread, which is a basic unit of CPU utilization that shares the same address space and resources of a process. It compares the advantages and disadvantages of single-threaded and multithreaded processes, and explains the types and models of threads, such as user-level threads and kernel-level threads, one-to-one model, many-to-one model, many-to-many model, and more.
Chapter 3: Interprocess Communication and Synchronization
This chapter discusses the need and methods for interprocess communication (IPC) and synchronization among processes or threads that share data or resources. It describes the types and mechanisms of IPC, such as shared memory, message passing, pipes, named pipes, sockets, remote procedure call (RPC), and more. It also explains the concept of concurrency and the problems that arise from it, such as race condition, critical section, mutual exclusion, atomic operation, busy waiting, spinlock, sleep-wakeup mechanism, semaphore, mutex lock, monitor, condition variable, signal(), wait(), notify(), notifyAll(), and more. It also covers the topics of synchronization tools and techniques, such as TestAndSet instruction, Swap instruction, peterson's algorithm, bakery algorithm, lamport's algorithm, producer-consumer problem, bounded buffer problem, reader-writer problem, dining philosophers problem, barrier synchronization, reentrant lock, deadlock detection and prevention algorithms banker's algorithm and more.
Chapter 4: Memory Management
This chapter explains the concept of memory management which is the process of allocating and deallocating memory space to processes or programs. It describes the types and functions of memory such as primary memory secondary memory cache memory register memory virtual memory and more. It also covers the topics of memory allocation strategies such as fixed partitioning variable partitioning best fit worst fit first fit next fit buddy system slab allocator and more. It also introduces the concept of fragmentation which is the phenomenon of wasting memory space due to inefficient allocation or deallocation. It compares the types and causes of fragmentation such as internal fragmentation external fragmentation compaction and more.
Chapter 5: Virtual Memory
This chapter discusses the concept of virtual memory which is a technique that allows a process to use more memory space than physically available by mapping logical addresses to physical addresses. It describes the benefits and challenges of virtual memory such as increasing the degree of multiprogramming reducing external fragmentation supporting dynamic loading and linking supporting shared libraries and memory-mapped files increasing the overhead of address translation increasing the risk of page faults and more. It also covers the topics of virtual memory management techniques such as paging segmentation page table segment table translation lookaside buffer (TLB) page fault handler page replacement algorithms FIFO algorithm LRU algorithm OPT algorithm clock algorithm second chance algorithm working set model thrashing swapping demand paging Chapter 6: File System Management
This chapter explains the concept of a file system which is a software component that organizes and manages the storage and retrieval of files and directories on a disk or other storage device. It describes the attributes and operations of files and directories such as file name file type file size file permissions file owner file creation time file modification time file access time open() close() read() write() seek() rename() delete() create() and more. It also covers the topics of file system implementation and organization techniques such as file allocation methods contiguous allocation linked allocation indexed allocation FAT file system NTFS file system ext2 file system ext3 file system ext4 file system inode directory structure methods single-level directory two-level directory tree-structured directory acyclic graph directory general graph directory mounting and unmounting file systems logical and physical disk blocks disk space management techniques free space list bit vector bit map linked list grouping counting disk scheduling algorithms FCFS algorithm SSTF algorithm SCAN algorithm C-SCAN algorithm LOOK algorithm C-LOOK algorithm and more.
Chapter 7: Device Management
This chapter discusses the concept of device management which is the process of controlling and coordinating the input and output devices of a computer system. It describes the types and characteristics of devices such as character devices block devices sequential devices random devices dedicated devices shared devices spooling buffering caching polling interrupt-driven I/O direct memory access (DMA) programmed I/O and more. It also covers the topics of device drivers which are software modules that interface between the operating system and the device hardware. It explains how device drivers are loaded and unloaded how they communicate with the kernel how they handle errors and exceptions how they perform device-specific operations and more.
Chapter 8: Security
This chapter introduces the concept of security which is the protection of a computer system and its resources from unauthorized access modification or destruction. It describes the types and goals of security such as confidentiality integrity availability authentication authorization accountability non-repudiation and more. It also covers the topics of security policies and mechanisms such as encryption algorithms symmetric encryption asymmetric encryption public-key encryption private-key encryption digital signature digital certificate hash function message digest one-way function cryptographic hash function collision-resistant hash function MD5 SHA-1 SHA-2 SHA-3 HMAC authentication methods password-based authentication biometric authentication token-based authentication certificate-based authentication Kerberos protocol access control methods discretionary access control (DAC) mandatory access control (MAC) role-based access control (RBAC) access control matrix access control list (ACL) capability list (C-list) auditing methods log files audit trails intrusion detection systems (IDS) firewalls antivirus software and more.
How to Download Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems for Free
If you want to download Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems for free you need to follow these steps:
Step 1: Find a reliable source
There are many websites that offer free downloads of books but not all of them are trustworthy or legal. Some of them may contain viruses malware spyware or other malicious software that can harm your computer or steal your personal information. Some of them may also violate the copyright laws and infringe on the author's or publisher's rights. Therefore you need to find a reliable source that provides legitimate and safe downloads of books. One such source is Archive.org which is a non-profit library that hosts millions of free books movies music software and more. You can access Archive.org by typing https://archive.org/ in your web browser.
Step 2: Check the file format and size
Once you find a reliable source you need to check the file format and size of the book you want to download. Different file formats have different advantages and disadvantages depending on your device and preferences. Some of the common file formats for books are PDF EPUB MOBI AZW3 TXT HTML and more. PDF is a popular format that preserves the layout and formatting of the original book but it may not be compatible with some e-readers or mobile devices. EPUB is a widely supported format that adapts to different screen sizes and orientations but it may not display some fonts or images correctly. MOBI and AZW3 are formats used by Amazon Kindle devices and apps but they may not be readable by other e-readers or software. TXT is a simple format that contains only plain text but it does not have any formatting or graphics. HTML is a format that can be viewed by any web browser but it may not be suitable for offline reading or printing. You need to choose the file format that best suits your needs and preferences. You also need to check the file size of the book you want to download. The file size depends on the file format and the content of the book. Generally the larger the file size the more storage space and bandwidth it will consume. You need to make sure that you have enough storage space on your device and a stable internet connection to download the book.
Step 3: Download and save the file
After you check the file format and size of the book you want to download you need to download and save the file on your device. To do this you need to click on the download link or button provided by the source and choose the file format you want. You may also need to agree to some terms and conditions or enter some verification code before you can download the file. Once the download starts you need to wait for it to finish and then save the file in a location that you can easily access. You may also need to unzip or extract the file if it is compressed or archived. After you save the file you can open it with your preferred software or app and enjoy reading Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems.
How to Use Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems Effectively
Downloading Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems for free is not enough if you want to learn and master operating systems. You also need to use it effectively and efficiently. Here are some tips on how to use Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems effectively:
Tip 1: Read the book along with your course textbook
Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems is not meant to replace your course textbook but to supplement it. It provides a concise summary and explanation of the topics and concepts covered in your course but it does not go into much depth or detail. Therefore you should read Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems along with your course textbook and use it as a reference guide or a review tool. You should compare and contrast the information and examples provided by both sources and try to understand how they relate to each other. You should also look for any gaps or discrepancies between them and try to fill them with additional research or consultation.
Tip 2: Solve the practice problems and exercises
Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems contains hundreds of practice problems and exercises that test your knowledge and skills on operating systems. You should solve these problems and exercises after you read each chapter or section of the book. You should try to solve them without looking at the solutions or hints provided by the book. You should also check your answers with the solutions or hints provided by the book and see if they match or differ. If they match you should congratulate yourself for getting it right. If they differ you should try to figure out where you went wrong and how to correct it. You should also try to explain why your answer was wrong and why the correct answer was right.
Tip 3: Review the key concepts and terms
Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems highlights all the important facts you need to know about operating systems in boldface type. You should review these key concepts and terms regularly and try to memorize them. You should also try to use them in your own words and sentences and apply them to different situations and examples. You should also make flashcards or notes of these key concepts and terms and quiz yourself on them periodically.
In conclusion Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems is a valuable resource for anyone who wants to learn more about operating systems. It provides a comprehensive overview of all the essential topics and concepts of operating systems in an easy-to-follow format. It also offers hundreds of examples solved problems and practice exercises that help you master operating systems and prepare for exams. You can download Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems for free from Archive.org or other reliable sources but you need to check the file format and size before downloading it. You also need to use Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems effectively by reading it along with your course textbook solving the practice problems and exercises and reviewing the key concepts and terms.
We hope this article has helped you understand what Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems is how to download it for free and how to use it effectively. If you have any questions or feedback please feel free to leave a comment below. Thank you for reading!
Here are some frequently asked questions about Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems:
Who is the author of Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems?
The author of Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems is J. Archer Harris. He received his BS in Mathematics (with honors) from Denison University in 1973 and his MS and Ph.D. in Computer Science from SUNY at Stony Brook in 1975 and 1978. He currently is an associate professor of Computer Science at James Madison University where he has taught since 1985. His interest include operating systems, UNIX, networks, and computer science education.
What is the edition and publication date of Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems?
The edition of Schaum's Outline of Operating Systems is the first edition and the publication date is December 21, 2001. The book has 256 pages and is published by McGraw Hill Professional.
What are some other books in the Schaum's Outline series?
Some other books in the Schaum's Outline series are:
Schaum's Outline of Calculus by Frank Ayres Jr. and Elliott Mendelson
Schaum's Outline of Linear Algebra by Seymour Lipschutz and Marc Lipson
Schaum's Outline of Probability and Statistics by John Schiller, R. Alu Srinivasan, and Murray Spiegel
Schaum's Outline of Data Structures with Java by John Hubbard
Schaum's Outline of Computer Architecture by Nicholas Carter
Schaum's Outline of Software Engineering by David Gustafson
Schaum's Outline of Database Management Systems by Ramon Mata-Toledo and Pauline Cushman
Schaum's Outline of Artificial Intelligence by Elaine Rich, Kevin Knight, and Shivashankar B Nair
Schaum's Outline of Programming with C++ by John Hubbard
Schaum's Outline of Programming with Java by John Hubbard
Where can I find more information about operating systems?
You can find more information about operating systems from various sources such as:
Your course textbook and lecture notes
Online courses and tutorials on operating systems such as Coursera, edX, Udemy, Khan Academy, etc.
Online forums and communities on operating systems such as Stack Overflow, Reddit, Quora, etc.
Online blogs and articles on operating systems such as Medium, GeeksforGeeks, Tutorialspoint, etc.
Online videos and podcasts on operat